in 1969 by the United States Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA),
the ARPANET, a wide-area network (WAN),
linked universities and research centersÂ—such as the University of California
at Los Angeles, the University of Utah, and the Stanford Research Institute
(SRI). All of these centers were involved in developing new networking
technologies. ARPANET was to research how to utilize DARPAÂ’s investment in computers through Command and Control
Research (CCR). The first leader of ARPANET, Dr. J.C.R. Licklider, was focused
on moving the departmentÂ’s contracts away from independent corporations and
pushing them toward the best academic computer centers. Another major function
of ARPANET was to act as a redundant network
capable of surviving a nuclear war.
Computer; Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA); Network; Wide Area
Hauben, M. Part I: The history of ARPA leading up to the ARPANET. [Online,
December 21, 1994.] HaubenÂ’s Columbia University History of ARPANET Website.
http://www.dei.isep.ipp.pt/docs/arpa--1.html; Jupitermedia Corporation.
ARPANET. [Online, July 2, 2001.] Jupitermedia Corporation Website. http://www.webopedia.com/TERM/A/