See collocation in Webster''s New World Hacker Dictionary
Before American Telephone & TelegraphÂ’s breakup in 1984, the Bell companies rarely considered carrier requests to collocate equipment. Seeing a competitive advantage in the marketplace, however, IXCs (long-haul carriers) and CAPs (local carriers) began leasing space for carrier equipment, giving rise to a new industry product: collocation or collocation facilities.
Today, collocation is not usually offered as a stand-alone product but is a value-added component often made available to carriers purchasing capacity on the network. In short, collocation helps to facilitate the buying and utilization of a carrierÂ’s bandwidth by clients. The main service that collocations provide is up time by providing redundant power supplies with backup generators and redundant links to the Internet. In the end, the client gains by having reduced bandwidth service costs.
See Also: Bit and Bit Challenges; Bytes; Internet, Telecom.
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