CSI/FBI Survey - Computer Definition
Annually, the Computer Security Institute and the FBI release their findings on the CSI/FBI survey. The Computer Security Institute (CSI) has for ten years, in conjunction with the Federal Bureau of Investigation’s (FBI) Computer Intrusion Squad in San Francisco, conducted and released the results of the annual Computer Crime and Security Survey, which aims to raise the level of security awareness among businesses, educational and medical institutions, and governmental agencies. The focus of the survey is to ascertain the type and range of computer crime in the United States and to compare annual cybercrime trends with those of previous years.
In 2003, for example, the Computer Security Institute and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (CSI/FBI) survey on computer crime was completed by 530 computer security practitioners in such U.S. facilities. More than half of the respondents said that their enterprises had experienced some kind of unauthorized computer use or intrusion in the previous year. Although this finding may seem to be a somewhat positive sign in that not all computer systems were adversely impacted, it is important to note that 99% of the companies surveyed thought they had adequate protection against cyber intruders because their work sites had anti-virus software, firewalls, access controls, and other security measures in place. Such findings indicate that better intrusion protection measures are needed. Furthermore, these computer intrusions were costly. The total estimated cost of the intrusions was reported to be nearly $202 million.
Other findings were important. For example, as in previous years, stealing proprietary information caused the biggest reported financial losses to the responding enterprises—in the $70–71 million range. In a change from previous years, the second most costly cybercrime, reported at a cost of $65 million, was Denial of Service (DoS). (Denial of service attacks render corporate Websites inaccessible, causing a loss of revenues.) Finally, as in previous years, viruses (82%) and employee abuse of the network (80%) were the two most cited forms of computer system attacks.
For the 2004 survey, 494 respondents participated. The 2004 survey had a change from a trend in recent years; the most costly cybercrime reported was Denial of Service (DoS). The second most costly cybercrime reported was stolen intellectual property. The survey is available for free at the Website http://www.GoCSI.com. For the 2005 survey results, the good news is that for hundreds of companies in the United States the reported total financial losses from crack attacks have declined 61% on a per-respondent basis from the 2004 survey results. The losses, however, still exceed a significant $130 million, despite the heavy use of crack attack prevention, intrusion and detection systems, and sound recovery plans. Virus attacks remain the number one reported problem.
Richardson, R. 2003 CSI/FBI Computer Crime and Security Survey. [Online, January 27, 2003.] Computer Security Institute Website. http://i.cmpnet.com/gocsi/ db_area/pdfs/fbi/FBI2003.pdf; Computer Security Institute/FBI Computer Crime and Security Survey. [Online, 2004.] GoCSI.com Website. Websitehttp://www.gocsi.com/forms/fbi/pdf .jhtml;.jsessionid=SEWF512HZHCBMQSNDBCCKHSCJUMEKJVN.