Defined as a group of thinkers, programmers, and researchers
dedicated to preserving individualsÂ’ freedom of speech through action,
cypherpunks believe in crypto anarchy (a term that has aspects of anonymous
networks, black markets, the destruction of governments, digital cash, and
information markets)Â—along with libertarianism. Moreover, cypherpunks write
codeÂ—free to anyone worldwideÂ—and they publish it so that their fellow
cypherpunks can practice with it and improve upon it. Cypherpunks are dedicated
to constructing anonymous systems. They defend their privacy with a combination
of cryptography, anonymous email forwarding systems, electronic cash, and
digital signatures. Popular cypherpunks include Eric Hughes (author of A
CypherpunkÂ’s Manifesto, which calls for the protection of privacy and anonymity), Timothy May
(author of The Crypto Anarchist Manifesto, describing the power of
cryptography to promote anarchy), and Jim Bell
(who wrote about promoting Â“assassination politicsÂ” using cryptography).
Bell, Jim and Assassination Politics; Cryptography or Â“CryptoÂ”; Hughes, Eric,
Gilmor, John, and May, Tim Team; Privacy.
Graham, R. Hacking Lexicon. [Online, 2001.] Robert Graham Website.
.org. Activism: Cypherpunks. [Online, 2004.] OpenPrivacy. Org Website.