The GopherÂ’s original design for sharing documents was similar to that of the World Wide Web, and the Gopher protocol has been replaced by the Web. Because the Gopher protocol had some features not supported by the Web, some experts consider it to have had a better protocol for searching and storing large data repositories.
When the Web was first introduced in 1991, Gopher was popular. Then, in February 1993 when the University of Minnesota announced that it would begin to charge users licensing fees to use Gopher, the latter underwent a large decrease in both popularity and usage. Some security experts believe that GopherÂ’s downfall was brought on by its limited structure as compared to free-form HTML.