In the 1970s, the publishing partner
of Al Bell, Yippie guru Abbie Hoffman, amended the title of The Youth International Party Line
newsletter to TAP, or Technical Assistance Program. The
premise behind the newsletter was that phreaking
did not hurt anyone because telephone calls emanated from an unlimited
reservoir. At the time, hackers voraciously absorbed the rather technical
articles found in TAPÂ—which
encompassed such Â“hotÂ” topics as explosives formulas, electronic sabotage
blueprints, credit card fraud, and so on. Peculiar forms of Computer
Underground writing were started in this newsletter, such as spelling the word
Â“freakÂ” as Â“phreak,Â” substituting Â“zÂ” for Â“s,Â” and substituting Â“0Â” (zero) for
Â“OÂ” (the letter). These trends within the hacker community continue. The last
editor of TAP was phreaker Cheshire Catalyst.
Cheshire Catalyst and TAP; Phreaking; TAP.
Schell, B.H., Dodge, J.L., with S.S. Moutsatsos. The
Hacking of America: WhoÂ’s Doing It, Why, and How. Westport, CT: Quorum