Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â•Â Â Flooding: A form of cyberspace vandalism resulting in Denial of Service (DoS) to authorized users of a Website or a computer system
Â Â Â Â•Â Â Virus and worm production and release: A form of cyberspace vandalism causing corruption and possibly erasing of data
Â Â Â Â•Â Â Spoofing: The cyberspace appropriation of an authentic userÂ’s identity by non-authentic users with the intent of causing fraud or attempted fraud, in some cases, and critical infrastructure breakdown, in other cases;
Â Â Â Â•Â Â Phreaking: A form of cyberspace theft and/or fraud involving the use of technology to make free telephone calls
Â Â Â Â Â Â Â Â•Â Â Infringing Intellectual Property (IP) rights and copyright: A form of cyberspace theft involving the copying of a targetÂ’s information or software without appropriate documentation or consent.